"Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie, later known as Alexandre Dumas, was born in 1802 in Picardy, France. His Father was the natural son of the marquis Alexandre Antoine Davy de la Pailleterie, a French nobleman and général in the army, and his mother was Marie Dumas, a slave of Afro-Caribbean ancestry."
"His father died of cancer in 1806. Although poor, the family had their father’s distinguished reputation and aristocratic rank to aid the children’s advancement. In 1822, the 20-year-old Alexandre Dumas moved to Paris. He acquired a position at the Palais Royal in the office of Louis-Philippe."
"While working at Palais Royal, Dumas began writing plays for the theatre. His first play, Henry III and His Courts, produced when he was 27 years old, met with acclaim. The next year, his second play, Christine, was equally popular. These successes gave him sufficient income to write full-time."
"After writing additional successful plays, Dumas switched to writing novels. As newspapers were publishing many serial novels, he founded a production studio, staffed with writers who turned out hundreds of stories, all subject to his personal direction, editing, and additions."
"Dumas depended on numerous writers, of whom Auguste Maquet. Maquet is known to have outlined the plot of The Count of Monte Cristo and made contributions to The Three Musketeers. Their method of working together was for Maquet to write drafts, while Dumas added the details, and the final chapters."
"Dumas’ novels were so popular that they were soon translated in other languages. His writing earned him a great deal of money, but he was frequently insolvent, as he spent lavishly on women and sumptuous living. In 1846, he built a country house outside Paris, the Château de Monte-Cristo."
"After King Louis-Philippe was ousted in a revolt, Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte was elected president. As Bonaparte disapproved of the author, Dumas fled in 1851 to Brussels, Belgium, which was also an effort to escape his creditors."
"In 1859, he moved to Russia, where French was the second language of the elite and his writings were enormously popular. Dumas spent two years in Russia before leaving to seek different adventures. He published travel books about Russia."
"In March 1861, the kingdom of Italy was proclaimed, with Victor Emmanuel II as its king. Dumas travelled there and for the next three years participated in the movement for Italian unification.Returning to Paris in 1864, he published travel books about Italy."
"At his death in December 1870, Dumas was buried at his birthplace of Villers-Cotterêts in the department of Aisne. In 2002, for the bicentennial of Dumas’ birth, President Jacques Chirac had a ceremony honouring the author by having his ashes re-interred at the mausoleum of the Panthéon of Paris,"