"First surgical practice known and done since the Neolithic. Trepanation is a surgical procedure consisting in piercing the cranial box of a circular hole, in order to access the brain for an operation or to relieve hypertension."
"One of the oldest known medical document purchased by Edwin Smith in Thebes in 1862. It was written, or more likely copied, around 1500 BC, under the sixteenth and seventeenth dynasties, to the Second Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt."
"Greek doctor who originated the development of rational medicine."
"Foundamental document of Indian Ayurvedic Medicine."
"Oldest Chinese Medicine document: The Classic of Yellow Emperor’s Internal Medicine"
"Greek doctor practicing in Rome, who will complete the Hippocrates theory of moods. This theory will be accepted until the 16th century. Beginning of public health in Rome."
"Greek doctor practicing in Constantinople. He compiles the ancient medical texts in his collection in 70 volumes: Collectanea medicae."
"The bishops of the Byzantine Church (Antioch and Caesarea of Cappadocia) founded the first hospitals."
"Considered the father of modern surgery. He publishes his works in French and not in Latin as the tradition dictated."
"By the British doctor William Harvey"
"In Europe, to cure malaria."
"By the Dutchman Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek who discovers spermatozoa in 1677 and bacteria in 1683."
"Louis XVI creates the College of Pharmacy in France: apothecaries take the name of pharmacist and get the monopoly of the sale of drugs."
"Following the research work from the French Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier."
"By the British doctor Edward Jenner."
"By the German doctor Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann."
"By the French doctor René Laennec."
"Achieved by the British Obstetrician James Blundell."
"Achieved by the American dentist William Thomas Green Morton."
"By the British surgeon Joseph Lister."
"By the French chimist Louis Pasteur."
"By the Russian biologist Dmitri Ivanovski."
"Which has been named “aspirine”"
"A derivative of arsenic that destroys the bacteria responsible for syhilis. By the German physician Paul Ehlrich."
"An antiseptic set up by the British chemist Henry Drysdale Dakin and the French surgeon Alexis Carrel."
"By the Canadian doctor Frederick Banting and his team."
"By the British doctor Alexander Fleming."
"In South Africa, by Christiaan Barnard."
"By the British Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield."