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The life of Pablo Escobar 3
By Maxime Alfonso

  1. 1st December, 1949


    "Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria was born in Rionegro, a city within the Department of Antioquia in Colombia. He had six other siblings."

  2. 1st July, 1973


    "Then U.S. President Richard Nixon signed off on the establishment of the Drug Enforcement Agency or DEA. The goal was to have a central federal agency coordinate American’s burgeoning effort to curb the import and use of illegal drugs."

  3. 1970s


    "Escobar and the Ochoa Vásquez brothers, Fabio, Jorge Luis, and Juan David, found the Medellín Cartel. Prior to this, Escobar and his associates were already involved in the drug trade, smuggling cocaine into the U.S."

  4. March 1982


    "While managing his criminal enterprises, Escobar funneled some of his ill-gotten gains to the community, building relationships with the poor and local Catholics. He was elected to the national congress as a member of the Colombian Liberal Party, but was ousted sometime later after public officials accused him of h aving ties with the country’s violent drug cartels."

  5. 10 March, 1984


    "Deep in the Colombian jungle, DEA agents and Colombian police uncover a massive drug manufacturing operation. While mainly linked to the Medellin Cartel, former leader Jorge Ochoa told PBS the plant, named Tranquilandia, was a cooperative venture. The facility’s discovery and subsequent dismantling signaled the beginning of the war on drug cartels, at least from Ochoa’s perspective."

  6. 30 April, 1984


    "An assassin working for Escobar and the Medellín Cartel shot and killed Colombian Minister of Justice Rodrigo Lara Bonilla in Bogotá. Bonilla was a vocal opponent of Escobar, accusing him of having ties with drug cartels. He and others drove Escobar out of office a year prior."

  7. 6 November, 1985


    "Armed guerrillas stormed the Palace of Justice in Bogotá, Colombia, resulting in the deaths of over 100 people, including government officials. While outwardly a leftist attack, a former mistress of Pablo Escobar testified he h ad financed the attack in an attempt to steal files related to his possible extradition to the U.S."

  8. 10 July, 1989


    "Forbes Magazine releases their “Richest List” with a few notable standouts, including Pablo Escobar. At the time, Forbes estimated his net worth to be valued at $3 billion."

  9. 18 August, 1989


    "Presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galán Sarmiento was shot and killed while on stage in the city of Soacha, just south of Bogotá. Galán was a vocal opponent of the country’s drug cartels and was a key supporter of a treaty with the U.S. that would have granted American authorities the power to extradite suspected drug traffickers."

  10. 19 June, 1991


    "Following the Colombian government’s vote to ban extraditing criminals to the U.S., Escobar surrendered himself to authorities under the condition that his punishment be “lenient” and that the U.S. would not extradite him. His jail resembles something more like a luxurious mansion, complete with a soccer field, private baths and a re portedly majestic view of the Andes mountains."

  11. 22 July, 1992


    "After it became clear that Escobar was continuing to run the Medellin Cartel behind the bars of the luxurious La Catedral prison, the Colombian government moved in to transfer him to a more traditional facility. Escobar reportedly caught wind of the plan well in advance and escaped."

  12. 2 December, 1993


    "Authorities were able to pinpoint Escobar’s location in a middle-class neighborhood in Medellin. Following a gunfight and chase, both Escobar and his bodyguard were shot and killed by Colombian police."

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