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The French Revolution 15
By Océane Kummer

  1. 11 June, 1775

    Coronation of Louis XVI

    "After the death of his grand father the King Louis XV, Louis XVI became the heir to the throne and the last Bourbon king of France. Louis XVI was consecrated at Reims by the Archbishop of Reims, Monseigneur de La Roche-Aymon."

  2. 6 February, 1778

    France signs a treaty of alliance with the Americans

    "This treaty is ratified by the king of France, Louis XVI and the ambassador of the United States in France, Benjamin Franklin. This agreement seals the Franco-American friendship and favors the engagement of France alongside the American insurgents in the American War of Independence."

  3. 8 August, 1788

    Louis XVI convokes État-généraux

    "The royal treasury is declared empty, and the Parlement of Paris refuses to reform the tax system or loan the Crown more money. The Minister of Finance, Brienne, sets May 1, 1789 an assembly of the nobility, clergy and commoners (Tiers Etat), which has not met since 1614."

  4. 5 May, 1789

    Formal opening of État-généraux at Versailles

    "The opening ceremony took place in a large room in the Hotel des Menus-Plaisirs on the Avenue de Paris in Versailles. One thousand eighteen deputies represented the three orders: clergy, nobility, and third estate. The king at first took the floor to warn against any spirit of innovation."

  5. 17 June, 1789

    National Assembly constitution

    "This date is the beginnings of the Constitutent Assembly. This institution, created by the Third Estate, rejected the vote by order and demanded “the vote by head” as representative vote of the French people. Louis XVI, under pressure of the people, compelled the nobility to join the assembly."

  6. 23 June, 1789

    King rejects resolutions of Tiers Etat

    "The king convened a private general meeting, which was to be held under military protection. He maintains that decisions will be voted separately. However, the King accepts that for major decisions, the three orders should be in common, so that the vote should be made per head."

  7. 9 July, 1789

    The deputies declares themselves Constituent Assembly

    "The deputies declared themselves National Constituent Assembly in order to put an end to the absolute monarchy. The initiative does not please the king or his entourage. On July 12, Louis XVI vired his Comptroller General of Finance, Jacques Necker."

  8. 14 July, 1789

    Storm and capture of Bastille

    "The Parisians, exasperated by the restrictions and the immobilism of King Louis XVI, revolted. Looking for weapons, they first invaded the Hotel des Invalides and then went to the prison of the Bastille where more than 80 Parisians were killed."

  9. 26 August, 1789

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    "The National Assembly was established and, following the oath of Jeu de Paume in June 1789, this assembly was transformed into a constituent assembly and began the drafting the new fundamental law with the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. "

  10. 6 October, 1789

    Women´s March on Versailles

    "A few thousand women went to the Chateau de Versailles at the end of the afternoon and, tired of scarcity and the cost of living, they asked for changes . The King and Queen, forced to comply, settled in the Palais des Tuileries, where they became prisoners of the French people."

  11. 21 June, 1791

    Louis XVI arrested in Varennes

    "Louis XVI dressed as a gromm, Marie-Antoinette, their two children and the governess try to escape, but the procession is recognized and they are arrested in the village of Varennes-en-Argonne. The people feel betrayed by the king´s escape and the Assembly will temporarily suspend the King."

  12. 10 August, 1792

    Abolition of the French monarchy

    "The head of the Prussian army threats to destroy Paris if the life of the royal family is threaten. Furious and convinced of the treachery of the king, the sans-culottes march on Tuileries, massacre the Swiss guards, plunder the palace, the royal family is taken to the prison of the Temple."

  13. 11 December, 1792

    Trial of the king begins

    "The trial of the king opens before the Convention. During this trial, Louis XVI was declared “guilty of conspiracy against the liberty of the nation and attacks against the general safety of the State.” He is condemned to death with a small majority."

  14. 21 January, 1793

    Louis XVI executed

    "At 10:20 am, on the Place de la Révolution (today Concorde), Louis Capet, 39, former King of France, was guillotined. His last words: “French, I die innocent, I forgive my enemies, I want my death to be ...” But the end of his words will be overshadowed by the drum roll announcing his execution."

  15. 23 October, 1793

    Republican Calendar decreed

    "The republican calendar, or revolutionary French calendar, was created during the French Revolution."

  16. 2 December, 1804

    Napoleon consecrated as Emperor

    "Native of Corsica, simple general of the French Revolution, barely 35 years old, Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of the French in the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. Tihis coronation will offer the french citizen ten years before before the return of the monarchy."

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