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Major Events of the Cold War 4
By Jonathan Pinet

  1. 5th March, 1946

    The Iron Curtain speech

    "“From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent”, declares British Prime Minister W. Churchill, condemning Soviet Union’s policies in Europe."

  2. 3rd June, 1948

    The Marshall Plan to aid Europe

    "The United States put in place the “Marshall Plan”, giving over $13 billion to support the recovery of Western European economies after WWII. It aimed at making Europe prosperous again and prevent the spread of communism."

  3. 24 June, 1948

    The Berlin blockade

    "First major crisis of the cold war. The USSR blocked roads giving access to the Western part of Berlin, under France, Britain and the US’ control. In response, the Western Allies organized the Berlin airlift to provide necessary supplies to Berliners by plane for over a year."

  4. 4 April, 1949

    The Formation of NATO

    "The US, Canada and 10 other Western countries sign the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, a military alliance against the Soviet threat extending America’s nuclear deterrence to cover Europe."

  5. 1st October, 1949

    Establishment of the People’s Republic of China

    "After winning the civil war against the nationalists in China, communist leader Mao Zedong proclaims the People’s Republic of China. The loss of the country to communism was a severe blow to the US."

  6. 25 June, 1950

    The Korean War

    "During 3 years, the Korean conflict between the North and the South transposes the conflict between the US and the Western world, backing South, and USSR and China, backing the North."

  7. 14 May, 1955

    The Warsaw Pact

    "A military pact is signed between the Soviet Union and 7 satellites states in central Europe, in response to the threat of the NATO."

  8. 4 October, 1957

    The Space Race

    "The launch of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, by the Soviets spreads panic in the US, who fear nuclear threat. This leads the country to enter the space race and create the NASA a year later."

  9. 1st May, 1960

    The U-2 incident

    "During an aerial photographic reconnaissance flight over USSR, American U-2 aircraft is shot down by the Soviets, capturing its pilot alive. This led to an embarrassing admission of the US administration of espionage activities in USSR."

  10. 14 October, 1962

    The Cuban missile crisis

    "A US spy plane discovers the construction of a Soviet nuclear site in Cuba, leading the world the closest it had ever been to nuclear war. The disaster was prevented by the agreement to remove missiles in exchange to not invade Cuba, and secretly remove US missiles in Turkey."

  11. 8 March, 1965

    The Vietnam War

    "As the communist North fights the South, the US enter the conflict, which will be long, costly and divisive: over 3 million people, including civilians and Americans were killed. After the US left in 1973, the Communists seized control of the South and united the country in 1975."

  12. 1st July, 1968

    The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    "Several countries, including nuclear and non-nuclear powers, signed a treaty to promote peaceful cooperation and engage nuclear disarmament. Entered into effect in 1970, 191 countries have adhered to it in 2016."

  13. 11 July, 1972

    The Game Fischer - Spassky

    "At the height of the cold war, a symbolic battle is fought over the chessboard between the US and the Soviet U nion, for the World Champion title. American Bobby Fischer 12.5-8.5 against defending champion Boris Spassky."

  14. 24 December, 1979

    The Afghanistan war

    "The Afghan war was another proxy war between the US and the USSR, where the Soviets supported the Afghans against the mujahideens, the rebel group backed by the US. The conflict lasted 9 years and resulted in hundreds of thousands of casualties."

  15. March 1985

    Perestroika and glasnost

    "Perestroika (“restructuring”) and glasnost (“openness”) was a political movement launched by Mikhail Gorbatchev to reform the Soviet political and economical systems."

  16. 9 November, 1989

    The fall of the Berlin wall

    "The wall was brought down by Berliners and with it fell a symbol of the Cold War and the end of the Iron Curtain dominance. Two years later, the the Soviet Union collapsed."

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